Table HI-05. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State: Children Under 18, United States and New Jersey, 1990 to 2016
(Numbers in thousands.  People as of March of the following year)
    Covered by private or government  health insurance      
Private health insurance Government health insurance
State/year Employment-based Medicaid Medicare Military health care1 Not covered
  All people Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
United States:
2016  10 78,038 74,389 95.3 46,658 59.8 40,080 51.4 30,551 39.1 495 0.6 106 0.1 3,649 4.7
2015 73,492 69,958 95.2 43,313 58.9 37,344 50.8 29,213 39.7 443 0.6 86 0.1 3,534 4.8
2014 73,440 69,044 94.0 42,978 58.5 37,288 50.8 28,461 38.8 434 0.6 69 0.1 4,397 6.0
2013  9 73,446 68,212 92.9 42,662 58.1 37,191 50.6 27,856 37.9 451 0.6 89 0.1 5,234 7.1
2012 74,187 67,601 91.1 44,586 60.1 41,095 55.4 26,610 35.9 764 1.0 2,595 3.5 6,586 8.9
2011 74,108 67,143 90.6 44,047 59.4 40,561 54.7 26,345 35.5 611 0.8 2,586 3.5 6,964 9.4
2010 74,916 67,609 90.2 44,620 59.6 41,083 54.8 26,067 34.8 602 0.8 2,461 3.3 7,307 9.8
2009 75,040 67,527 90.0 45,288 60.4 41,892 55.8 25,331 33.8 543 0.7 2,365 3.2 7,513 10.0
2008 74,510 67,161 90.1 47,282 63.5 43,874 58.9 22,555 30.3 623 0.8 2,241 3.0 7,348 9.9
2007 74,403 66,254 89.0 47,750 64.2 44,252 59.5 20,899 28.1 518 0.7 2,101 2.8 8,149 11.0
2006 74,101 65,440 88.3 47,906 64.6 44,257 59.7 20,067 27.1 411 0.6 2,058 2.8 8,661 11.7
2005 73,985 65,675 88.8 48,395 65.4 44,741 60.5 19,737 26.7 543 0.7 2,262 3.1 8,310 11.2
2004 8 73,791 65,553 88.8 48,772 66.1 45,041 61.0 19,921 27.0 503 0.7 2,041 2.8 7,949 10.8
2003 73,580 65,207 88.6 48,475 65.9 45,004 61.2 19,392 26.4 483 0.7 2,021 2.7 8,373 11.4
2002 73,312 64,781 88.4 49,473 67.5 46,182 63.0 17,526 23.9 524 0.7 2,148 2.9 8,531 11.6
2001 72,628 64,118 88.3 49,647 68.4 46,439 63.9 16,502 22.7 423 0.6 2,381 3.3 8,509 11.7
2000 7 72,314 63,697 88.1 50,499 69.8 47,431 65.6 15,090 20.9 518 0.7 2,563 3.5 8,617 11.9
1999 6 72,281 63,180 87.4 50,300 69.6 46,834 64.8 14,697 20.3 364 0.5 2,076 2.9 9,285 12.8
1999 72,325 62,302 86.1 49,822 68.9 46,594 64.4 14,479 20.0 355 0.5 2,080 2.9 10,023 13.9
1998 72,022 60,949 84.6 48,627 67.5 45,593 63.3 14,274 19.8 325 0.5 2,240 3.1 11,073 15.4
1997 5 71,682 60,939 85.0 47,968 66.9 44,869 62.6 14,683 20.5 395 0.6 2,163 3.0 10,743 15.0
1996 71,224 60,670 85.2 47,219 66.3 44,054 61.9 15,502 21.8 484 0.7 2,291 3.2 10,554 14.8
1995 71,148 61,353 86.2 47,021 66.1 43,822 61.6 16,524 23.2 348 0.5 2,336 3.3 9,795 13.8
1994 4 70,509 60,505 85.8 46,266 65.6 42,966 60.9 16,132 22.9 228 0.3 2,708 3.8 10,003 14.2
1993 3 69,766 60,192 86.3 47,017 67.4 39,745 57.0 16,693 23.9 48 0.1 2,307 3.3 9,574 13.7
1992 2 68,720 60,005 87.3 47,183 68.7 40,382 58.8 15,109 22.0 97 0.1 2,378 3.5 8,716 12.7
1991 66,173 57,794 87.3 46,114 69.7 39,683 60.0 13,514 20.4 52 0.1 2,425 3.7 8,379 12.7
1990 65,290 56,786 87.0 46,436 71.1 39,981 61.2 12,094 18.5 88 0.1 2,408 3.7 8,504 13.0
New Jersey:
2016  10 2,094 2,016 96.3 1,411 67.4 1,278 61.1 663 31.7   10 0.5 1 0.1 78 3.7
2015 1,994 1,919 96.3 1,331 66.7 1,215 60.9 641 32.1 13 0.6 1 0.1 75 3.7
2014 2,007 1,916 95.4 1,338 66.7 1,236 61.6 620 30.9 10 0.5 1 0.1 92 4.6
2013  9 2,018 1,906 94.4 1,349 66.9 1,239 61.4 600 29.8 9 0.5 1 0.1 112 5.6
2012 2,031 1,918 94.4 1,454 71.6 1,379 67.9 499 24.6 31 1.5 61 3.0 113 5.6
2011 2,030 1,840 90.6 1,379 67.9 1,277 62.9 536 26.4 31 1.5 40 2.0 190 9.4
2010 2,051 1,863 90.8 1,423 69.4 1,340 65.3 597 29.1 9 0.4 11 0.5 188 9.2
2009 2,071 1,881 90.8 1,503 72.5 1,453 70.2 480 23.2 0 0.0 10 0.5 190 9.2
2008 2,044 1,814 88.7 1,427 69.8 1,348 65.9 402 19.7 27 1.3 34 1.6 231 11.3
2007 2,091 1,821 87.1 1,524 72.9 1,427 68.3 331 15.8 10 0.5 15 0.7 270 12.9
2006 2,088 1,810 86.7 1,481 70.9 1,441 69.0 379 18.2 14 0.7 17 0.8 277 13.3
2005 2,172 1,938 89.2 1,627 74.9 1,560 71.9 369 17.0 5 0.2 19 0.9 234 10.8
2004 8 2,208 1,976 89.5 1,695 76.8 1,636 74.1 361 16.3 10 0.5 8 0.4 232 10.5
2003 2,157 1,921 89.0 1,625 75.3 1,579 73.2 355 16.5 8 0.4 24 1.1 237 11.0
2002 2,153 1,944 90.3 1,636 76.0 1,576 73.2 389 18.1 28 1.3 19 0.9 210 9.7
2001 1,880 1,665 88.5 1,466 78.0 1,419 75.5 262 13.9 25 1.4 34 1.8 215 11.5
2000 7 1,992 1,820 91.4 1,584 79.6 1,529 76.8 293 14.7 9 0.4 46 2.3 171 8.6
1999 6 1,989 1,832 92.1 1,601 80.5 1,511 76.0 300 15.1 12 0.6 4 0.2 157 7.9
1999 1,993 1,797 90.2 1,569 78.7 1,479 74.2 296 14.8 12 0.6 4 0.2 196 9.8
1998 2,039 1,766 86.6 1,552 76.1 1,434 70.3 244 11.9 3 0.1 30 1.5 273 13.4
1997 5 1,969 1,672 84.9 1,427 72.5 1,365 69.4 283 14.4 2 0.1 21 1.1 297 15.1
1996 1,874 1,525 81.4 1,281 68.4 1,216 64.9 276 14.7 9 0.5 47 2.5 349 18.6
1995 1,972 1,735 88.0 1,514 76.8 1,415 71.8 255 12.9 10 0.5 22 1.1 237 12.0
1994 4 2,064 1,840 89.2 1,532 74.2 1,444 70.0 372 18.0 9 0.4 17 0.8 223 10.8
1993 3 2,000 1,771 88.6 1,506 75.3 1,248 62.4 406 20.3 4 0.2 13 0.6 229 11.4
1992 2 1,920 1,720 89.6 1,468 76.5 1,303 67.8 288 15.0 3 0.2 25 1.3 200 10.4
1991 1,870 1,700 90.9 1,471 78.7 1,350 72.2 271 14.5 1 0.1 18 0.9 170 9.1
1990 1,871 1,712 91.5 1,491 79.7 1,334 71.3 276 14.8 -- -- 10 0.6 160 8.5
1 Includes CHAMPUS (Comprehensive Health and Medical Plan for Uniformed Services)/Tricare, Veterans, and military health care, but for VA care only starting 2013.
2 Implementation of 1990 census population controls.
3 Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer-assisted interviewing.
4 Health insurance questions were redesigned.  Increases in estimates of employment-based and military health care coverage
may be partially due to questionnaire changes.  Overall coverage estimates were not affected.
5 Beginning with the March 1998 CPS, people with no coverage other than access to Indian Health Service are no longer considered
covered by health insurance; instead, they are considered to be uninsured.  The effect of this change on the overall estimates of health
insurance coverage is negligible; however, the decrease in the number of people covered by Medicaid may be partially due to this change.
6 Estimates reflect the results of follow-up verification questions and of 2000 based population controls.
7 Implementation of a 28,000 household sample expansion.
8 These estimates from the 2005 ASEC were revised based on improvements to the algorithm that assigned coverage to dependents,          
 and there was an adjustment to the weights.     
9 Starting from 2013, the data source is the American Community Survey (ACS), not Current Population Survey (CPS).
Source: US Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements and American Community Survey
10  Starting from 2016, the data are for Children Under 19, United States and New Jersey