Census 2000 Profile
of General Demographic Characteristics for
New Jersey Counties
age in Cape May and Ocean Counties surpass 40-year old mark. According to the 2000 Census, Cape May
surpassed Ocean as the county with the oldest population in the state with
a median age of 42.3 years. Ocean
County’s median age was 41.0 years.
The slower increase of Ocean County’s median age reflected a fast
growing under-65-population in the county. The number of persons under 65 years of age grew by a hefty
19.5 percent in Ocean County, but just increased by 7.5 percent in Cape
May County during the 1990s.
Hudson County was New Jersey’s youngest county with a median age of
County tops in senior population.
Ocean County had the largest percentage of persons aged 65 and over
(22.2%) in the state in 2000, followed by Cape May (20.2%) and Bergen
(15.2%) counties. Ocean County’s
senior population (113,260) was second only to Bergen County (134,820) in
terms of size. Middlesex County
added the most persons 65 and over, growing by 13,773 from 1990 to 2000 to
reach a total of 92,590.
County added the most housing units in the 1990s. Ocean County had the largest net
housing unit increase (+28,848) in the state from 1990 to 2000, followed
by Middlesex (23,463) and Monmouth (22,476) counties.
Somerset, Burlington and Ocean counties led the state in nonfamily
household growth. The number
of nonfamily households grew by more than 30% in Sussex, Somerset,
Burlington and Ocean Counties. The
rate of growth in the state was 17.7%.
Somerset and Ocean Counties also had the fastest growth in family
households (+20.0% and +14.0% respectively).
households grew much faster than married couple households. The state’s families headed by women
with no husband present (+14.3%) increased more than three times as fast
as married-couple families (+3.8%) in the past decade. Ocean, Gloucester and Somerset
counties’ female-headed households each grew by 25%. However, the proportions of family
households headed by a woman were still relatively low in these
households declined in Cumberland (-5.5%), Salem (-5.2%), Camden (-4.0%),
Essex (-3.7%), Union (-3.1%) and Passaic (-0.6%) counties. The proportions of married-couple
families have been relatively low in these counties.
Jersey’s average household size was 2.68 in 2000, down slightly from the
1990’s 2.70, but still larger than the national figure. The reduction
in the average household size was most evident in Burlington (from 2.79 to
2.65), Gloucester (from 2.87 to 2.75) and Sussex (from 2.91 to 2.80)
counties. Five counties with large
volumes of recent foreign immigrants increased their average household
sizes in the past decade: Passaic (+.07), Union (+.06), Atlantic (+.03),
Middlesex (+.03) and Somerset (+.02).
rates were highest in Hunterdon (83.6%), Ocean (83.2%), and Sussex (82.7%)
counties. These counties also
had high proportions of non-Hispanic white residents who tend to have
higher homeownership rates than their nonwhite and Hispanic counterparts.
vacancy rate decreased in the state during the 1990s, from 9.1 percent in
1990 to 7.4 percent in 2000.
The decrease/increase of vacancy rates varied among counties,
ranging from a 4.9 percentage point decrease in Hudson County (from 9.1%
to 4.2%) to a 1.0 percentage point increase in Camden County (from 6.0% to
Mercer and Middlesex Counties led the state in group quarters population
in 2000. Essex County had the
largest institutionalized population while large college campuses in
Mercer and Middlesex counties made up most of their group quarters
populations. Cumberland County’s
group quarters population showed the largest percentage gain (85.9%) from
1990 to 2000, adding 5,700 persons – a reflection of the opening of new
state and federal correctional institutions in the county during the
Indian was the fastest growing group among Asians between 1990 and 2000. The number of Asian Indians more than
doubled in nine New Jersey counties.
Middlesex County had the largest gain of Asian Indians (+35,770),
followed by Hudson County (+8,934) and Bergen County (+8,082). Together with Morris and Somerset
Counties, these five counties accounted for more than two-thirds (67.5%)
of the state’s total Asian Indian population as of April 1, 2000.
was the second largest Asian group in New Jersey. The number of Chinese more than doubled
in three New Jersey counties – Atlantic (+129%), Somerset (+128%) and
Middlesex (+103%). Middlesex
County also had the largest gain of Chinese (+11,147) during the 1990s,
followed by Bergen (+5,178) and Somerset (+4,569) counties. More than three in every five (62.8%)
of New Jersey’s Chinese population resided in Middlesex, Bergen, Morris,
Monmouth and Somerset counties as of April 1, 2000.
number of Filipinos more than doubled in three New Jersey counties in the
past decade – Hunterdon (+174%), Atlantic (+118%) and Sussex (+107%)
from relatively small bases. More
than two-thirds (68.8%) of the state’s Filipino population resided in
Hudson, Bergen, Middlesex, Essex and Union counties, according to the 2000
was the sole declining Asian group in New Jersey. New Jersey’s Japanese population
decreased by 2,581 during the 1990s.
Bergen County alone experienced a net loss of 2,528 Japanese. However, with 7,662 Japanese residents,
Bergen County still had more than one-half (52.2%) of the state’s total
Japanese population in 2000.
number of Korean residents more than doubled in Bergen County (+20,002 or
124%) during the 1990s.
Consequently, Bergen County alone accounted for more than one in
every two (55.2%) Korean residents in the state in 2000.
was the second fastest growing group in the past decade, next only to
Asian Indian, among the state’s Asians. The number of Vietnamese more than doubled in five New
Jersey counties – Warren (+268%), Camden (+221%), Atlantic (+205%), Ocean
(+151%) and Middlesex (+125%) from 1990 to 2000. The majority of the state’s Vietnamese population (61.9%)
was concentrated in four counties – Camden, Atlantic, Middlesex and Hudson
as of 2000.
was the fastest growing group among the state’s Hispanics (or Latinos). The number of Mexicans more than
quadrupled in five New Jersey counties during the 1990s – Cumberland
(+560%), Ocean (+474%), Atlantic (+401%), Monmouth (+363%) and Middlesex
(+335%). The largest increases of
Mexicans occurred in Passaic County (+14,669), Middlesex County (+10,980)
and Hudson County (+7,912). These
three counties accounted for 45.2 percent of the state’s total increase of
Mexicans between 1990 and 2000.
Together with Monmouth County, these four counties had the majority
(53.6%) of the state’s total Mexican residents as of 2000. These four counties also led the
state’s Mexican population in 1990, accounting for 49.9 percent of the
state’s total Mexicans.
state’s largest Hispanic group – Puerto Rican had moderate growth (+14.6%)
in New Jersey during the 1990s.
Substantial growth of Puerto Ricans was observed in Middlesex,
Camden, Bergen and Union counties.
These four counties accounted for 46.1 percent of the state’s total
increase of 46,655 Puerto Rican residents from 1990 to 2000. Hudson, Essex, Passaic, Middlesex and
Camden counties had the majority (65.4%) of the state’s Puerto Ricans in
1990. They still had 60.3 percent
of the state’s Puerto Ricans as of 2000.
number of Cubans declined by 8,041 in New Jersey from 1990 to 2000. The most substantial declines occurred
in Hudson (-10,214), Union (-2,253) and Essex (-1,002) counties. However, Bergen County had a net gain
of 2,397 Cubans in the 1990s. More
than three of every four (76.5%) of New Jersey’s Cubans resided in these
four counties as of 2000. They had
82.2 percent of the state’s total Cuban population in 1990.
Prepared by: New Jersey Department
of Labor, Division of Labor Market and Demographic Research, May 23, 2001.